Situational leadership theory of hersey and blanchard pdf
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- The Situational Theory of Leadership
- A New Approach to Situational Leadership
- Hersey and Blanchard Situational Leadership Model: Adapting the Leadership Style to the Follower
The situational theory of leadership suggests that no single leadership style is best. Instead, it depends on which type of leadership and strategies are best-suited to the task. According to this theory, the most effective leaders are those that are able to adapt their style to the situation and look at cues such as the type of task, the nature of the group, and other factors that might contribute to getting the job done. Situational leadership theory is often referred to as the Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory, after its developers, Dr. Hersey and Blanchard suggested that there are four primary leadership styles:.
The Situational Theory of Leadership
Situational Leadership emerged as one of a related group of two-factor theories of leadership, many of which originated in research done at Ohio State University in the s. These two-factor theories hold that possibilities in leadership style are composed of combinations of two main variables: task behavior and relationship behavior. Various terms are used to describe these two concepts, such as initiating structure or direction for task behavior and consideration or socioemotional support for relationship behavior. The fundamental principle of the situational leadership model is that there is no single "best" style of leadership. Effective leadership is task-relevant, and the most successful leaders are those who adapt their leadership style to the performance readiness ability and willingness of the individual or group they are attempting to lead or influence. Effective leadership varies, not only with the person or group that is being influenced, but it also depends on the task, job, or function that needs to be accomplished. The Situational Leadership Model has two fundamental concepts: leadership style and the individual or group's performance readiness level, also referred to as maturity level or development level.
A New Approach to Situational Leadership
Its notable features are briefly that the model:. Accordingly, this summary refers mainly to 'follower' or 'followers', rather than a 'group', in explaining how the model is best appreciated and used. The criteria of the followers are outlined below. The term 'follower' may be interpreted to apply to an entire group for situations in which members possess similar levels of capability and experience:. Extending the logic of this, Hersey and Blanchard further described and presented these four follower 'situations' as requiring relatively high or low leadership emphasis on the Task and the Relationship. High Task means followers have Low Ability.
Hersey and Blanchard Situational Leadership Model: Adapting the Leadership Style to the Follower
Situational leadership is a leadership style that has been developed and studied by Kenneth Blanchard and Paul Hersey. Situational leadership refers to when the leader or manager of an organization must adjust his style to fit the development level of the followers he is trying to influence. In situational leadership, the style may change continually to meet the needs of others in the organization based on the situation.
The best known situational leadership model in the field of psychology and HR is the one established by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard. These two experts established two basic levels of leadership behavior:. The main function demanded for a leader is to lead and make decisions. In order to do so successfully, while encouraging and motivating our team, it is essential that the instructions you give to your colleagues are clear and concise.
For Hersey and Blanchard the key issue in making these adjustments is follower maturity, as indicated by their readiness to 1. Update What are some additional directions in leadership development and research?