Advantages and disadvantages of snowball sampling pdf

Posted on Monday, June 14, 2021 1:16:17 AM Posted by Maisa M. - 14.06.2021 and pdf, the pdf 3 Comments

advantages and disadvantages of snowball sampling pdf

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Conversations about sampling methods and sampling bias often take place at 60, feet. Although these conversations are important, it is good to occasionally talk about what sampling looks like on the ground. At a practical level, what methods do researchers use to sample people and what are the pros and cons of each?

Snowball sampling

In sociology and statistics research, snowball sampling [1] or chain sampling , chain-referral sampling , referral sampling [2] [3] is a nonprobability sampling technique where existing study subjects recruit future subjects from among their acquaintances. Thus the sample group is said to grow like a rolling snowball. As the sample builds up, enough data are gathered to be useful for research. This sampling technique is often used in hidden populations, such as drug users or sex workers, which are difficult for researchers to access. As sample members are not selected from a sampling frame , snowball samples are subject to numerous biases.

Snowball sampling also known as chain-referral sampling is a non-probability non-random sampling method used when characteristics to be possessed by samples are rare and difficult to find. For example, if you are studying the level of customer satisfaction among elite Nirvana Bali Golf Club in Bali, you will find it increasingly difficult to find primary data sources unless a member is willing to provide you with contacts of other members. This sampling method involves primary data sources nominating another potential primary data sources to be used in the research. In other words, snowball sampling method is based on referrals from initial subjects to generate additional subjects. Therefore, when applying this sampling method members of the sample group are recruited via chain referral. Also, snowball sampling is the most popular in business studies focusing on a specific company that involve primary data collection from employees of that company.

Advantages & Disadvantages of Snowball Sampling

Home Consumer Insights Market Research. Snowball sampling or chain-referral sampling is defined as a non-probability sampling technique in which the samples have traits that are rare to find. This is a sampling technique, in which existing subjects provide referrals to recruit samples required for a research study. For example, if you are studying the level of customer satisfaction among the members of an elite country club, you will find it extremely difficult to collect primary data sources unless a member of the club agrees to have a direct conversation with you and provides the contact details of the other members of the club. This sampling method involves a primary data source nominating other potential data sources that will be able to participate in the research studies.

Snowball sampling is a type of non-probability sampling technique. Non-probability sampling focuses on sampling techniques that are based on the judgement of the researcher [see our article Non-probability sampling to learn more about non-probability sampling]. This article explains a what snowball sampling is, b how to create a snowball sample, and c the advantages and disadvantages limitations of snowball sampling. Snowball sampling is a non-probability based sampling technique that can be used to gain access to such populations. To create a snowball sample, there are two steps : a trying to identify one or more units in the desired population; and b using these units to find further units and so on until the sample size is met. Imagine that the population we are interested in are students that download pirate music over the Internet or that take drugs.

18 Advantages and Disadvantages of Purposive Sampling

Snowball sampling is a non-probability sampling technique that is used by researchers to identify potential subjects in studies where subjects are hard to locate. Researchers use this sampling method if the sample for the study is very rare or is limited to a very small subgroup of the population. This type of sampling technique works like chain referral. After observing the initial subject, the researcher asks for assistance from the subject to help identify people with a similar trait of interest.

Sampling may be defined as the procedure in which a sample is selected from an individual or a group of people of certain kind for research purpose. In sampling, the population is divided into a number of parts called sampling units. Sampling ensures convenience, collection of intensive and exhaustive data, suitability in limited resources and better rapport. In addition to this, sampling has the following advantages also. If data were to be collected for the entire population, the cost will be quite high.

Sometimes researchers need to study a group of population where identifying or finding potential subjects can be difficult because they are either deviant or socially isolated e. Snowball sampling is a technique where a researcher picks the first few samples and either recruits them or asks them to recommend other subjects they know who fit the description of samples needed.

Non-random Sampling Methods

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Хейл внезапно почувствовал беспокойство - скорее всего из-за необычного поведения Сьюзан. Он быстро пересек комнату и преградил ей дорогу, скрестив на груди руки. - Скажи мне, что происходит, - потребовал.  - Сегодня здесь все идет кувырком. В чем. - Пусти меня, - сказала Сьюзан, стараясь говорить как можно спокойнее. Внезапно ее охватило ощущение опасности.


  • The chain referral process allows the researcher to reach populations that are difficult to sample when using other. Natasha R. - 16.06.2021 at 21:53
  • The process is cheap, simple and cost-efficient. Thane2277 - 19.06.2021 at 10:37
  • If you're interested in researching a specific group of people, like restaurant managers or crime victims, you need to recruit participants for your study. Alionyshka - 20.06.2021 at 05:00