Climate change and its impact on indian agriculture pdf

Posted on Tuesday, June 15, 2021 8:17:10 PM Posted by Torsten D. - 15.06.2021 and pdf, edition pdf 0 Comments

climate change and its impact on indian agriculture pdf

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Climate change and agriculture are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale, with the adverse effects of climate change affecting agriculture both directly and indirectly. This can take place through changes in average temperatures , rainfall , and climate extremes e. Climate change is already affecting agriculture, with effects unevenly distributed across the world. Agriculture contributes towards climate change through anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and by the conversion of non-agricultural land such as forests into agricultural land. A range of policies can reduce the risk of negative climate change impacts on agriculture [9] [10] and greenhouse gas emissions from the agriculture sector.

Impact of Climate Change on Indian Agriculture: A Review

Climate change negatively affects all four pillars of food security: availability, access, utilisation and stability. Food availability may be reduced by negative climate change impacts on productivity of crops, livestock and fish, due, for instance, to increases in temperature and changes in rainfall patterns. Productivity is also negatively affected by increased pests and diseases, as well as changing distributions of pollinators under climate change. Food access and its stability may be affected through disruption of markets, prices, infrastructure, transport, manufacture, and retail, as well as direct and indirect changes in income and food purchasing power of low-income consumers. Food utilisation may be directly affected by climate change due to increases in mycotoxins in food and feed with rising temperatures and increased frequencies of extreme events, and indirectly through effects on health. Elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations can increase yields at lower temperature increases, but tend to decrease protein content in many crops, reducing their nutritional values.

Climate change and agriculture

During the recent decade, with the growing recognition of the possibility of climate change and clear evidence of observed changes in climate during 20 th century, an increasing emphasis on food security and its regional impacts has come to forefront of the scientific community. In recent times, the crop simulation models have been used extensively to study the impact of climate change on agricultural production and food security. The output provided by the simulation models can be used to make appropriate crop management decisions and to provide farmers and others with alternative options for their farming system. It is expected that in the coming decades with the increased use of computers, the use of simulation models by farmers and professionals as well as policy and decision makers will increase. In India, substantial work has been done in last decade aimed at understanding the nature and magnitude of change in yield of different crops due to projected climate change. This paper presents an overview of the state of the knowledge of possible effect of the climate variability and change on food grain production in India.

Impact of Climate Change on Indian Agriculture: A Review

Abstract: This paper provides an overview of climate change and agriculture, while paying some specific attention to the impact of climate change on Indian agriculture. This broad-brush account covers both the agronomic and economic aspects of the impact of climate change, as well as a critique of the methodologies used to estimate them. The paper ends with some comments on Indian agricultural policy in the era of climate change. An extended annotated bibliography provides a compendium of the likely impact of climate change on the yield and productivity of several major crops in India; on water-related parameters such as evaporation, water runoff and soil moisture; and on soil productivity, pests and crop diseases.

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