Respiratory system of human body parts and functions pdf

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respiratory system of human body parts and functions pdf

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Human respiratory system , the system in humans that takes up oxygen and expels carbon dioxide. The human gas-exchanging organ, the lung , is located in the thorax, where its delicate tissues are protected by the bony and muscular thoracic cage. The lung provides the tissues of the human body with a continuous flow of oxygen and clears the blood of the gaseous waste product, carbon dioxide.

Respiratory System

The lungs are the primary organs of the respiratory system in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails. In mammals and most other vertebrates , two lungs are located near the backbone on either side of the heart. Their function in the respiratory system is to extract oxygen from the atmosphere and transfer it into the bloodstream , and to release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the atmosphere, in a process of gas exchange. Respiration is driven by different muscular systems in different species. Mammals, reptiles and birds use their different muscles to support and foster breathing.

The respiratory system also helps us to smell and create sound. The following are the five key functions of the respiratory system. The respiratory system aids in breathing, also called pulmonary ventilation. In pulmonary ventilation, air is inhaled through the nasal and oral cavities the nose and mouth. It moves through the pharynx, larynx, and trachea into the lungs. Then air is exhaled, flowing back through the same pathway.

Human respiratory system

If your institution subscribes to this resource, and you don't have a MyAccess Profile, please contact your library's reference desk for information on how to gain access to this resource from off-campus. Please consult the latest official manual style if you have any questions regarding the format accuracy. The reader states the functions of the respiratory system and relates the structural organization of the system to its functions. Describes the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide with the atmosphere and relates gas exchange to the metabolism of the tissues of the body. Defines the role of the respiratory system in acid-base balance. Lists the nonrespiratory functions of the lungs.


Students will be able to understand the main organs and its function of respiratory system and circulatory system in the human body sytem. Topic Objectives.


Human respiratory system

The respiratory system consists of all the organs involved in breathing. These include the nose, pharynx , larynx , trachea , bronchi and lungs. The respiratory system does two very important things: it brings oxygen into our bodies, which we need for our cells to live and function properly; and it helps us get rid of carbon dioxide, which is a waste product of cellular function. The nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea and bronchi all work like a system of pipes through which the air is funnelled down into our lungs. There, in very small air sacs called alveoli, oxygen is brought into the bloodstream and carbon dioxide is pushed from the blood out into the air.

Human respiratory system , the system in humans that takes up oxygen and expels carbon dioxide. The human gas-exchanging organ, the lung , is located in the thorax, where its delicate tissues are protected by the bony and muscular thoracic cage. The lung provides the tissues of the human body with a continuous flow of oxygen and clears the blood of the gaseous waste product, carbon dioxide. Atmospheric air is pumped in and out regularly through a system of pipes, called conducting airways, which join the gas-exchange region with the outside of the body.

Most of the organs of the respiratory system help to distribute air, but only the tiny, grape-like alveoli and the alveolar ducts are responsible for actual gas exchange. In addition to air distribution and gas exchange, the respiratory system filters, warms, and humidifies the air you breathe. Organs in the respiratory system also play a role in speech and the sense of smell. Upper respiratory tract: Composed of the nose, the pharynx, and the larynx, the organs of the upper respiratory tract are located outside the chest cavity. Lower respiratory tract: Composed of the trachea, the lungs, and all segments of the bronchial tree including the alveoli , the organs of the lower respiratory tract are located inside the chest cavity.

The design of the respiratory system

 Мне срочно нужно такси. Охранник покачал головой. - Demasiado temperano. Слишком рано. Слишком рано. Беккер беззвучно выругался.

 Целых три часа. Так долго. Сьюзан нахмурилась, почувствовав себя слегка оскорбленной. Ее основная работа в последние три года заключалась в тонкой настройке самого секретного компьютера в мире: большая часть программ, обеспечивавших феноменальное быстродействие ТРАНСТЕКСТА, была ее творением. Шифр в миллион бит едва ли можно было назвать реалистичным сценарием. - Ладно, - процедил Стратмор.  - Итак, даже в самых экстремальных условиях самый длинный шифр продержался в ТРАНСТЕКСТЕ около трех часов.

Рубильник был расположен за фреоновыми насосами слева от тела Чатрукьяна, и Стратмор сразу же его. Ему нужно было повернуть рубильник, и тогда отключилось бы электропитание, еще остававшееся в шифровалке. Потом, всего через несколько секунд, он должен был включить основные генераторы, и сразу же восстановились бы все функции дверных электронных замков, заработали фреоновые охладители и ТРАНСТЕКСТ оказался бы в полной безопасности. Но, приближаясь к рубильнику, Стратмор понял, что ему необходимо преодолеть еще одно препятствие - тело Чатрукьяна на ребрах охлаждения генератора. Вырубить электропитание и снова его включить значило лишь вызвать повторное замыкание.

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