Human genetics and society pdf
File Name: human genetics and society .zip
Mission & Strategic Plan
In the nearly 60 years since Watson and Crick proposed the double helical structure of DNA, the molecule of heredity, waves of discoveries have made genetics the most thrilling field in the sciences. In this helpful guidebook, one of the most respected and accomplished human geneticists of our time communicates the importance of genes and genomics studies in all aspects of life. With the use of core concepts and the integration of extensive references, this book provides students and professionals alike with the most in-depth view of the current state of the science and its relevance across disciplines. Students in various biology disciplines needing an understanding of the importance of genetics in studies; Allied health professionals and researchers in biology, oncology, immunology, virology, neuroscience, gene therapy, molecular medicine, and related areas including genetic epidemiology, pharmacogenetics, bioinformatics, molecular biology, systems biology, biomedical engineering, who need to know about genomics to understand social, societal and scientific implications. Since , Leon E. Rosenberg and his colleagues conducted pioneering laboratory investigations into the molecular basis of several inherited disorders of amino acid and organic acid metabolism. Afterward, he moved to Bethesda, Maryland, to begin a six-year association as an investigator with the metabolism service of the National Cancer Institute.
Who are we? Where did we come from? How did we get here? Throughout the ages, humans have sought answers to these questions, pursuing wisdom through religion, philosophy, and eventually science. Evolutionary analyses published by Genome Biology and Evolution GBE allow us to peer into the mirror and better understand ourselves as a species, bringing us closer than ever to uncovering the answers to these long-held questions. Since then, advances in sequencing technology have resulted in an explosion in human genetics and genomics research, with an estimated one million human genomes sequenced to date. Although this wealth of data has the potential to answer some of our most fundamental questions, unlocking its mysteries has necessitated the invention of new analytic and computational methods and the integration of techniques and ideas from diverse biological sciences, including physiology, anatomy, medicine, population genetics, bioinformatics, and computational, molecular, and evolutionary biology.
History of Human Genetics
The expansion of genetic and genomic testing in clinical practice and research and the growing market for at home personal genome testing has led to increased awareness about the impact of this form of testing on insurance. Genetic or genomic information can be requested by providers of mutually rated insurance products, who may then use it when setting premiums or determining eligibility for cover under a particular product. Australian insurers are subject to relevant legislation and an industry standard that was updated in late In , the Human Genetics Society of Australasia updated its position statement on genetic testing and life insurance to account for these changes and to increase the scope of the statement to include a wider scope of insurance products that are not rated according to community risk, such as life, critical care, and income protection products. Recommendations include that providers of professional education involving genetics should include ethical, legal, and social aspects of insurance discrimination in their curricula; that the Australian government take a more active role in regulating use of genetic information in personal insurance, including enacting a moratorium on use of genetic test results; that information obtained in the course of a research project be excluded; and that there is improved engagement between the insurance industry, regulators, and the genetics profession. This position statement provides the stance of the Human Genetics Society of Australasia HGSA on the use of information obtained from genetic or genomic testing in the underwriting process for life, critical illness, and income protection insurance products personal insurance products.
As of , the organization had approximately 8, members. The Society's members include researchers, academicians, clinicians, laboratory practice professionals, genetic counselors , nurses, and others who have a special interest in the field of human genetics. As the field of human genetics has expanded, ASHG has founded additional organizations within its membership body, including the following: . ASHG's mission is to advance human genetics in science, health, and society through excellence in research, education, and advocacy. It serves research scientists, health professionals, and the general public by providing forums to:. It is held each fall in a major U.
American Society of Human Genetics
A smart and witty guide to all you want to know about human genetics. Human genetics is not the playground of science alone. Genetics concerns all of us, for we all have DNA, genes, genomes, and chromosomes. Our genes determine partly our appearance and our behaviour, our talents and our health risks. The authors of The Human Recipe use humour to explain what we understand about human genetics.
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