Conflict between india and pakistan an encyclopedia pdf

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conflict between india and pakistan an encyclopedia pdf

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Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts

This up-to-date encyclopedia examines the conflict between India and Pakistan from Independence to the present day, with an authoritative treatment that presents the issues evenhandedly and from both countries' perspectives. Tensions between India and Pakistan are deeply rooted. Many go back to or earlier, when, with the partitioning of the provinces of Punjab and Bengal, British India was succeeded by two independent countries: a primarily Hindu India and a Muslim Pakistan.

Subsequently, the two countries have fought three wars and come close to open war several other times, especially over Kashmir. Then, in a series of evenhanded, carefully crafted portraits, it describes the people, political parties, foreign and domestic policies, and economic, religious, and cultural pressures that have played a role in the conflicts between these nations from to the present.

The series format, consisting of a preface that outlines the issues and importance, the alphabetically arranged encyclopedia entries, epilogue, detailed chronology, appendixes, glossary, index, and extensive bibliography, are all well done. Unlike many encyclopedias whose entries are supplied by a large number of contributors, all elements of this volume are completed by a single author who brings his impeccable credentials to the task.

Libraries Unlimited. Need Help? Try our Search Tips. Award Winner. Reviewed Content. Available for Course Adoption. Features Detailed entries deal with towns, cities, and geographic areas, including Jammu, Srinigar, and the Siachen Glacier; major figures involved in the conflict, including General Pervez Musharraf; the religious divide between Hindus and Muslims; and the dispute over Kashmir A thorough chronology provides year-by-year treatment of the main issues in Indo-Pakistan relations Highlights Covers events and personalities of the pre-Independence era, such as Mahatma Gandhi and Mohammed Ali Jinnah, which is crucial to gaining an understanding of the roots of the conflict Examines the political dynamics and dynasties that have governed each country—the Gandhis in India and the Bhuttos in Pakistan Offers a clear and objective encyclopedic approach to leading policies and personalities.

Allcock, Marko Milivojevic, and John J. Adamec and Frank A. This volume considers all aspects of the history of conflict in Afghanistan during this period and thus enables the reader to fully comprehend the present situation. These innocent victims were treated in a dismal fashion.

Some good did eventually come of this tragedy: this terrorist act was the galvanizing event behind federal reform in victims' rights. Additionally, modern terrorist organizations are more diffuse and are operating across national boundaries; and the methods have become more violent, with larger numbers of casualties and with little or no regard for civilian victims.

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Conflict Between India and Pakistan

Kashmir , region of the northwestern Indian subcontinent. It is bounded by the Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang to the northeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the east both parts of China , by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab to the south, by Pakistan to the west, and by Afghanistan to the northwest. The region, with a total area of some 85, square miles , square km , has been the subject of dispute between India and Pakistan since the partition of the Indian subcontinent in The northern and western portions are administered by Pakistan and comprise three areas: Azad Kashmir , Gilgit , and Baltistan , the last two being part of a territory called the Northern Areas. Administered by India are the southern and southeastern portions, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. In addition, China became active in the eastern area of Kashmir in the s and has controlled the northeastern part of Ladakh the easternmost portion of the region since

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Since the Partition of British India in and subsequent creation of the dominions of India and Pakistan , the two countries have been involved in a number of wars, conflicts, and military standoffs. A long-running dispute over Kashmir and cross-border terrorism have been the predominant cause of conflict between the two states, with the exception of the Indo-Pakistani War of , which occurred as a direct result of hostilities stemming from the Bangladesh Liberation War in erstwhile East Pakistan now Bangladesh. The Partition of India came about in the aftermath of World War II , when both Great Britain and British India were dealing with the economic stresses caused by the war and its demobilisation. Nearly one third of the Muslim population of British India remained in India. Inter-communal violence between Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims resulted in between , and 2 million casualties leaving 14 million people displaced.


Conflict between India and Pakistan: an encyclopedia / Peter Lyon. p. cm. — (​Roots of modern conflict). Includes bibliographical references and index.


Conflict between India and Pakistan. An Encyclopedia

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The relations between the two countries have been complex and largely hostile due to a number of historical and political events. Relations between the two states have been defined by the violent partition of British India in which started the Kashmir conflict , and the numerous military conflicts fought between the two nations. Consequently, their relationship has been plagued by hostility and suspicion. Northern India and Pakistan somewhat overlap in certain demographics and shared lingua francas mainly Punjabi , Sindhi , and Hindustani.

Benefits: nonmonetary compensation provided by an employer to an employee in addition to the normal wage, such as retirement benefits, sick leave, social security, and tuition reimbursement. The study of employee compensations in nonprofit organizations always proceeds through comparison with for-profit organizations. Indeed, many industries operate in a mixed-sector market, with nonprofit and for-profit organizations being two predominant players.

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