Government and politics in east africa pdf

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government and politics in east africa pdf

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Government and Politics in Africa Fourth Edition

Research activity and project outlines. The year was named the second Year of Africa , recalling , the Year of Africa in which African nations won their independence one after another. From the standpoint of area studies, whose goal is the understanding of others, the increased attention on and increased newspaper and television coverage of Africa is seen as a positive development. However, given the focus of coverage on disasters, it is important to recognize that such narrow coverage can potentially lead to one-dimensional stereotyping of the region. There are 49 independent Sub-Saharan countries including island nations , each with its own history and characteristics.

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History of Kenya

The study of African states and their internal politics necessarily involves the study of governance, governing ideologies, forms of ethnic and political pluralism, monopolisation of political and economic power, popular resistance to power, convergences with and fractures from international society, chronic underdevelopment and maltreatment of citizens, the emergence of active polities nonetheless, and the use and abuse of cultural linkages amid great dynamism and widespread violence. Many theoretical approaches have evolved to address the issues of African politics. Not all are helpful — and that includes those developed both in the West and Africa itself. It is important that all students become familiar with the bodies of academic literature dealing with African politics. It is these, together with the pronouncements and writings of African leaders, the articulations of African citizens and civil societies, and the articulated view of international actors that comprise the discursive formation inspired by Africa and within which Africa sits.

been developed before independence, except in a few settler-dominated economies such as. South Africa, Zimbabwe, Kenya, and Algeria. Limited Economies.

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The politics of Kenya take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kenya is both head of state and head of government , and of a multi-party system in accordance with a new constitution passed in Executive power is exercised by the executive branch of government, headed by the President , who chairs the cabinet, that is composed of people chosen from outside parliament. Legislative power is vested exclusively in Parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

The former three countries have followed different but somewhat similar political trajectories, experimenting at some point with one-party, centralized political systems. Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania also share a common colonial background, their people straddle common borders, and they shared common services from the colonial period until , when the East African Economic Community collapsed. The countries in revived the East African Community and expanded it to include Burundi and Rwanda. A political federation is expected to be established in Although Uganda has had a troubled political trajectory, with coups and a military dictatorship especially under Idi Amin Dada between and , Kenya and Tanzania have been relatively stable, albeit of course with political problems of their own.

A part of Eastern Africa , the territory of what is now Kenya has seen human habitation since the beginning of the Lower Paleolithic. The Bantu expansion from a West African centre of dispersal reached the area by the 1st millennium AD.


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