Causes and effects of environmental pollution pdf

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causes and effects of environmental pollution pdf

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Environmental pollution has existed for centuries but only started to be significant following the industrial revolution in the 19th century. The elements involved are not produced by nature, and the destroying process can vary from a few days to thousands of years that is, for instance, the case for radioactive pollutants. In other words, pollution takes place when nature does not know how to decompose an element that has been brought to it in an unnatural way. Pollution must be taken seriously, as it has a negative effect on natural elements that are an absolute need for life to exist on earth, such as water and air. Indeed, without it, or if they were present in different quantities, animals — including humans — and plants could not survive.

10 Serious Effects of Air Pollution on the Environment

Environmental pollution is reaching worrying proportions worldwide. Urbanization and industrialization along with economic development have led to increase in energy consumption and waste discharges.

The global environmental pollution, including greenhouse gas emissions and acid deposition, as well as water pollution and waste management is considered as international public health problems, which should be investigated from multiple perspectives including social, economic, legislation, and environmental engineering systems, as well as lifestyle habits helping health promotion and strengthening environmental systems to resist contamination [ 1 — 3 ].

Environmental pollutants have various adverse health effects from early life some of the most important harmful effects are perinatal disorders, infant mortality, respiratory disorders, allergy, malignancies, cardiovascular disorders, increase in stress oxidative, endothelial dysfunction, mental disorders, and various other harmful effects [ 4 , 5 ].

Though, short-term effects of environmental pollutants are usually highlighted, wide range of hazards of air pollution from early life and their possible implication on chronic non-communicable diseases of adulthood should be underscored. Numerous studies have exposed that environmental particulate exposure has been linked to increased risk of morbidity and mortality from many diseases, organ disturbances, cancers, and other chronic diseases [ 6 , 7 ].

Therefore it is time to take action and control the pollution. Otherwise, the waste products from consumption, heating, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, transportation, and other human activities will degrade the environment. Based on the strength of the scientific knowledge regarding the adverse health effects of environmental pollution and the magnitude of their public health impact, different kinds of interventions should be taken into account.

In addition to industrial aspects, the public awareness should be increased in this regard. Likewise, health professionals have an exclusive competency to help for prevention and reduction of the harmful effects of environmental factors, this capacity should be underscored in their usual practice. This special issue is dedicated to increasing the depth of research across all areas of health effects of pollutants in air, water, and soil environments, as well as new techniques for their measurement and removal.

The goal of the special issue is to familiarize the readership of the Journal of Environmental and Public Health with the potential for different aspects of environmental pollution. We expect this special issue would appeal to researchers, public health practitioners, and policymakers. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Journal overview. Special Issues. Article Sections On this page References Copyright. Received 04 Mar Accepted 04 Mar Published 06 May Roya Kelishadi. References N. Loux, Y. Su, and S. View at: Google Scholar T. Abbasi and S. In press. View at: Google Scholar R. Kelishadi, N.

Mirghaffari, P. Poursafa, and S. Kelishadi and P. Kargarfard, P. Poursafa, S. Rezanejad, and F. View at: Google Scholar P. Coogan, L. White, M. Jerrett et al.

View at: Google Scholar. More related articles. Download other formats More. Related articles.


When many of us think of pollution, images of smoggy cities and litter-infested oceans come to mind. While littering and gasoline-fueled cars are a major contributor to pollution, there are many other influences that are important to be aware of. Essentially, pollution occurs when substances are introduced to the environment that have harmful effects, damaging the quality of land, water, and air. The cause is the accumulation of solid and liquid waste materials that contaminate groundwater and soil. These waste materials are often referred to as municipal solid waste MSW , which includes both hazardous and non-hazardous waste. When waste is deposited onto an area of land, the permeability of the soil formations below the waste can increase or reduce the risk of land pollution.

We tend to look skywards when talking about pollution, but this problem is not confined to our skies. The soil in which our fruit and vegetables grow is also suffering its consequences, the effects of which getting to us directly, for instance, through the aforementioned foodstuffs. The time has come to look after what lies under our feet! Soil pollution is mostly caused by chemical substances produced by human activity. The soil is the skin of the earth, a mantle full of scars, thousand-year-old wrinkles and more recent injuries caused both by man and nature itself. Some of these ulcers are incurable — such as the extinction of species —, whereas others jeopardise health and food security, all of which threaten the well-being of the world's 3.

Jump to navigation. British poet W. This widespread problem of water pollution is jeopardizing our health. Unsafe water kills more people each year than war and all other forms of violence combined. Without action, the challenges will only increase by , when global demand for freshwater is expected to be one-third greater than it is now. Sip a glass of cool, clear water as you read this, and you may think water pollution is a problem. But while most Americans have access to safe drinking water , potentially harmful contaminants—from arsenic to copper to lead—have been found in the tap water of every single state in the nation.

Abstract. Man is causing all round damage to atmosphere, water, land, to the various elements of environment and to the ecosystem itself. There.

Environment Pollution: Types, Causes, Effects (PDF Download)

The constant pollution of the air has very negative effects on nature and on human health. Those long-term and medium-term effects have become problems that are difficult to solve. In this article, we are listing the main 10 negative effects that air pollution is causing worldwide:.

One of our era's greatest scourges is air pollution, on account not only of its impact on climate change but also its impact on public and individual health due to increasing morbidity and mortality. There are many pollutants that are major factors in disease in humans. Among them, Particulate Matter PM , particles of variable but very small diameter, penetrate the respiratory system via inhalation, causing respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, reproductive and central nervous system dysfunctions, and cancer.

What is Environmental Pollution?


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