Climate change and food security a framework document pdf

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climate change and food security a framework document pdf

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Climate change negatively affects all four pillars of food security: availability, access, utilisation and stability. Food availability may be reduced by negative climate change impacts on productivity of crops, livestock and fish, due, for instance, to increases in temperature and changes in rainfall patterns. Productivity is also negatively affected by increased pests and diseases, as well as changing distributions of pollinators under climate change. Food access and its stability may be affected through disruption of markets, prices, infrastructure, transport, manufacture, and retail, as well as direct and indirect changes in income and food purchasing power of low-income consumers.

Climate Change and Food Security in South Asia

Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Sivakumar S. Faiz A. Mustafizur Rahman Khandakar R.

Climate Change and Food Security in the Pacific

Food security is not only an explicit concern under climate change; successful adaptation and mitigation responses in the agricultural sector can only be achieved within the environmental and economic sustainability goals set forth in both the UNFCCC and the Millennium Development Goals. Use the links on the left to read more on emissions of greenhouse gases; the potential impacts of climate change; and solutions including mitigation, adaptation and the policy framework. Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries are among the most climate-sensitive sectors. Therefore their production processes — whether for food, feed, fibre, beverage, energy or industrial crops, or for livestock, poultry, fish or forest products — will be heavily impacted by climate change. In the next decades, impacts in temperate regions are expected to be positive, and those in tropical regions negative, although there is still considerable uncertainty about how projected changes will play out locally, and projected impacts could also be altered by adoption of risk management measures and adaptation strategies that strengthen preparedness and resilience. More frequent and more intense, extreme weather will have adverse immediate impacts on food production, food distribution infrastructure, on livelihood assets and opportunities in both rural and urban areas.

C Murgor. Environmental Change and Sustainability. Climate change is possibly the most significant environmental challenge of our time and poses serious threats to sustainable development in the world and more so in most developing nations. Impact of climate change affects ecosystems, water resources, food and health. As such inter-related government policies must be designed to avoid conflicts in policy design and implementation.

Climate Change and Food Security in the Pacific

Human beings have learned to live with climate variability on various timescales, from daily to decadal. However, the climate variability we are accustomed to is changing quickly, accompanied by a rise in global mean temperature due to increasing greenhouse-gas concentrations in the atmosphere. The poor in developing countries who already have difficulties in coping with current climate variability will be even more vulnerable.

It is irrefutable that the vast Pacific Ocean with its small island nations are in the frontline of the catastrophic climate change which is already threatening food security where the majority of the people depend on the sea for food and on subsistence agriculture. Traditionally, Pacific Island diet consisted of fish, seafood and root crops such as taro, cassava, yams and sweet potatoes and in many rural communities of the region, fish is the only source of animal protein. Access to food and availability of food in the market are the two important components of measuring food security Aliber and Mini, quoted in Masipa, According to HSRC, food availability means there is adequate amount of quality food in the market which people can easily access and utilise. In the Pacific region agriculture and tropical fruits are vitally important sectors, which determine food security.

Executive Summary

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