Difference between community organization and community development pdf
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- What is community development?
- Community Development & Community Work: What’s the Difference?
- Community organization
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Community organization or Community Based Organization refers to organizing aimed at making desired improvements to a community's social health, well-being, and overall functioning. Community organization includes community work, community projects, community development , community empowerment, community building, and community mobilization. Community organization is a process by which a community identifies needs or objectives, takes action, and through this process, develops cooperative and collaborative attitudes and practices within a community.
What is community development?
Search Titles Subjects Organizations. Definition Community organizing and development is a process by which a community empowers itself by working to identify its needs and to resolve its problems in a collective manner. This process develops the confidence and capability of community members to organize themselves. The community organizer The community organizer CO is a vital person in facilitating the whole community organizing process.
Time frame Community organizing is a process, hence the time-frame varies depending on the objectives and outcomes set by the people, community organizer and the support agency. This can range from one to several years and the level of effort may change from beginning to end. Commonly-used approach This is not a prescribed formula or process to do community organizing.
Every community has its own unique situation and context and this should determine the community organizing process for that particular community. Pre-entry Do the following activities before entry into the community.
Site selection including establishing a set of criteria for the choice of the area or community to be organized. It is essential that community members are receptive to the non-government organizations NGOs and the type of project they are proposing. This is done through consultations with the leaders of the community.
Other considerations include the peace and order situation in the area, interest and willingness of the local government to establish partnership with the project and accessibility of the project site. This also involves gathering of secondary data about the community from the local government, selected key informants or NGOs that have done organizing work in the area.
Administrative preparations on the part of the implementing agency e. Ideally, a request for assistance in implementing a program should come from the community itself. However, in reality, the initiative almost always comes from NGOs. The community may have various ways of working together. These existing networks must be considered when forming a core group.
Community planning and implementation Once the community organizer has already established rapport with the community and has involved them in assessing their situation through the leadership of the core group, the organizer helps the community in strategic and action planning. The community organizer facilitates the process and provides information that could be used as input for planning.
The output of the process would include strategies and action plans, series of activities for organization development, capability-building and resource management. The community decides the time frame and mechanics for actual implementation of the plan. At one harvest, the cash profit was missing after being collected by the chairperson and treasurer. The community organizer called a meeting to discuss the problem. Although the other members of the organization were unhappy about what had happened, they were unwilling to confront the treasurer and the chair person as they were related to a higher official in the barangay Also, majority of the members were family-related to them.
The community organizer realized that meeting the problem head-on would weaken the organization. She, therefore, decided to wait until the forthcoming general assembly. There, both she and another member suggested that an 'auditor' be elected which would help ease the workload of the treasurer and the chairperson. The auditor's function would be to feedback to the organization on the accounts every month. Since then, the financial mismanagement has stopped. Strengthening the organization Strengthening the organization is crucial in sustaining the operations of the organization.
This entails building the capacity of the organization's leaders and members to take on roles currently assumed by the community organizer. Some NGOs think that once plans have already been implemented and some success has been felt by the community, it is time for phasing out.
However, experiences have shown that the initial success achieved by the community is not a guarantee that it can sustain the organization and its activities. The community needs time to consolidate the changes they have initiated, assess their capability to handle more complicated issues and tasks and reflect on the degree of community solidarity that has already been established.
Monitoring and evaluation Monitoring refers to periodic assessment undertaken within the implementation period to measure progress.
Evaluation assesses the degree to which the implementation of community plans has been successfully achieved. Both processes are used as basis for future planning which include changes in the strategies being adopted. Refer to the topic on evaluation and monitoring tools. Figure The community organization, with the help of the organizer, must continuously go through the cycle of planning, implementing, monitoring and evaluating their organization and their activities.
This will help them keep track of their vision, mission, goals and objectives. At this stage, it is assumed that the community has reached a certain level of capability with which they can sustain existing operations, expand or initiate new projects. The community now takes full responsibility for managing their resources. It is likely that the community organizer and the assisting agency will not fully phase out from the community but simply modify their roles in the partnership.
A formal community turn-over can be an important ritual for highlighting the phasing out of the community organizer and the autonomy of the organization from the supporting agency.
Many of the activities, especially under the entry and planning and implementation phase, actually run throughout the process.
Community Development & Community Work: What’s the Difference?
Search Titles Subjects Organizations. Definition Community organizing and development is a process by which a community empowers itself by working to identify its needs and to resolve its problems in a collective manner. This process develops the confidence and capability of community members to organize themselves. The community organizer The community organizer CO is a vital person in facilitating the whole community organizing process. Time frame Community organizing is a process, hence the time-frame varies depending on the objectives and outcomes set by the people, community organizer and the support agency. This can range from one to several years and the level of effort may change from beginning to end.
Click to see full answer Hereof, what is community organization and development? Community organizing and development is a process by which a community empowers itself by working to identify its needs and to resolve its problems in a collective manner. This process develops the confidence and capability of community members to organize themselves. Furthermore, what is the difference between community and organization? As nouns the difference between organization and community is that organization is uncountable the quality of being organized while community is a group sharing a common understanding and often the same language, manners, tradition and law see civilization.
Community development is a process where community members are supported by agencies to identify and take collective action on issues which are important to them. Community development empowers community members and creates stronger and more connected communities. Community development is a holistic approach grounded in principles of empowerment, human rights, inclusion, social justice, self-determination and collective action Kenny, Community development considers community members to be experts in their lives and communities, and values community knowledge and wisdom. Community development programs are led by community members at every stage - from deciding on issues to selecting and implementing actions, and evaluation. Community development has an explicit focus on the redistribution of power to address the causes of inequality and disadvantage.
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