Compare and contrast african traditional religion and christianity pdf

Posted on Sunday, June 6, 2021 9:57:53 PM Posted by Erica C. - 07.06.2021 and pdf, with pdf 5 Comments

compare and contrast african traditional religion and christianity pdf

File Name: compare and contrast african traditional religion and christianity .zip

Size: 13349Kb

Published: 07.06.2021

Some years ago l attempted to compare African Traditional Religion, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and it can be a good food. The belief in existence of a god or gods. It comes from tradition.


Oral tradition says the first Muslims appeared while the prophet Mohammed was still alive he died in Thus both religions have been on the continent of Africa for over 1, years. Some would argue that both Islam and Christianity are indigenous African religions.

Not everyone shares this view. Read more about Christianity Certainly the first Muslim teachers and Christian missionaries had little respect for the traditional religions they came across. Both Islam and Christianity are religions of the book; their doctrinal authority lies in their scriptures.

African traditional religions produced no written works, but derived their authority from oral history, custom and practice, and the power of priests, kings and others gifted in dealing with spiritual issues. This lack of scriptures led to the assumption that people in Africa were not capable of 'proper' religious observance. But some European missionaries and explorers were struck by the intense spirituality of Africans.

Islam sits more comfortably with some aspects of traditional religion than Christianity. A key area is marriage. Christianity demands monogamy, that is, not more than one wife.

Islam, by contrast, allows a man to take several wives. So Islam had a better chance of being accepted in the polygamous societies of Africa. If a man converted to Christianity, he was obliged to dismiss all but one of his wives; this was the cause of much resentment and bitterness. Read more about Islam The degree to which, either Muslim or Christian teachers, demanded strict adherence to the tenets of their respective faiths, varied considerably.

Early Christian missionaries in sub-Saharan Africa were less exacting than the missionaries of the 19th century. Islam sat side by side with African traditional religions. The King of the ancient Empire of Ghana of the 11th century was essentially a traditionalist, but that did not stop him employing Muslim scribes and administrators in his government.

The Muslims, for their part, did not try and convert the King and his people. At the end of the day, spiritual faith was not the only issue determining whether Christianity or Islam succeeded in converting people in Africa. The adoption of either of these religions involved a good deal of material and political interests, involving African and European leaders, as well as a host of traders hungry for profit.

In the 's and 's, Mwanga, the Kabaka or ruler of Buganda played off Catholic, Protestant and Muslim emissaries against each other, basing his strategy on who would best strengthen his power as king. Many communities mixed Muslim or Christian practices with traditional ones. The Wolof, in Senegal, might go to the Mosque to pray for rain.

If that failed they would ask the women to do a rain dance. In Calabar, in south eastern Nigeria, there is a mixture of Christian and traditional practices living side by side. You see we never get rain, while those tribes who never pray as we do obtain abundance.

Tolerance and Tension: Islam and Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa

About Follow Donate. Polling and Analysis. Side by side with their high levels of commitment to Christianity and Islam, many people in the countries surveyed retain beliefs and rituals that are characteristic of traditional African religions. In four countries, for instance, half or more of the population believes that sacrifices to ancestors or spirits can protect them from harm. In addition, roughly a quarter or more of the population in 11 countries say they believe in the protective power of juju charms or amulets , shrines and other sacred objects. See the glossary for more information on juju. In addition to expressing high levels of belief in the protective power of sacrificial offerings and sacred objects, upwards of one-in-five people in every country say they believe in the evil eye, or the ability of certain people to cast malevolent curses or spells.

A critical analysis on African Traditional Religion and the Trinity. Jele S. Mangany; Johan Buitendag. Correspondence to. The members of these churches aim to be Christian without losing their African identity. ATR is a religion that was practised throughout Africa before the arrival of the Western missionaries.

(including African indigenous religion and culture) and Christianity, in order to The aim - to compare ways in which African tradition and Christianity standing in contrast to those undomesticated beings, probably known as medimo.

Traditional African religion and other religions

How to publish with Brill. Fonts, Scripts and Unicode. Brill MyBook.


African religions , religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of Africa. In fact, Africa is a vast continent encompassing both geographic variation and tremendous cultural diversity. Each of the more than 50 modern countries that occupy the continent has its own particular history, and each in turn comprises numerous ethnic groups with different languages and unique customs and beliefs. African religions are as diverse as the continent is varied. Nevertheless, long cultural contact, in degrees ranging from trade to conquest, has forged some fundamental commonalities among religions within subregions, allowing for some generalizations to be made about the distinguishing features of religions indigenous to Africa. With the exception of the influence of Christianity on New Religious Movements in Africa, religions that were introduced to Africa from elsewhere, such as Islam and Christianity , are not covered in this article.

Loosely, it encompasses all African beliefs and practices that are considered religious but neither Christian nor Islamic. To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution see 19th-Century Background. As the European empires in Africa began to break up after World War II, both missionaries and African nationalists sought to defend Africans and African culture from their reputation for primitivism and to claim parity with Christianity, the West, and the modern world. At the same time a movement that began after World War I and intensified after World War II supported the idea that Africans retained values that the militaristic and materialistic modern world had lost and that Africans individually and collectively were spiritual people.

Buying options

Беккер понял, что с каждой минутой дело все больше запутывается. - С подружкой. Немец был не. Клушар кивнул: - Со спутницей. Роскошной рыжеволосой девицей. Мой Бог. Это была настоящая красотка.


  • Data validity and reliability in research pdf ready player one full book pdf ValГ©rie L. - 08.06.2021 at 04:03
  • Solution manual of introduction to real analysis bartle sherbert 4th edition pdf the three strangers and other stories pdf Dominique C. - 11.06.2021 at 01:02
  • Oral tradition says the first Muslims appeared while the prophet Mohammed was still alive he died in Abby L. - 14.06.2021 at 02:46
  • Traditional African religions have shared notable relationships with other religions, cultures, and traditions. Max M. - 14.06.2021 at 08:59
  • Man quickly broke the covenants and that is what has caused a separation Creator God and humans. Marguerite G. - 16.06.2021 at 22:52