Industrial relations and labor laws in india pdf

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industrial relations and labor laws in india pdf

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Employment & Labour Law 2020 | India

While the government proposes to increase the ambit of social security by including gig workers and inter-state migrant workers, it has also proposed measures that will provide greater flexibility to employers to hire and fire workers without government permission. In the Industrial Relations Code Bill, , the government has proposed to introduce more conditions restricting the rights of workers to strike, alongside an increase in the threshold relating to layoffs and retrenchment in industrial establishments having workers from workers or more at present — steps that are likely to provide more flexibility to employers for hiring and firing workers without government permission. The Industrial Relations Code has raised the threshold for requirement of a standing order — rules of conduct for workmen employed in industrial establishments — to over workers. This implies industrial establishments with up to workers will not be required to furnish a standing order, a move which experts say would enable companies to introduce arbitrary service conditions for workers. Analysts say the increase in the threshold for standing orders will water down the labour rights for workers in small establishments having less than workers. The Industrial Relations Code also introduces new conditions for carrying out a legal strike.

Industrial Relations

Labour in India refers to employment in the economy of India. In , there were around million workers in India, the second largest after China. In , the organised sector employed Over 94 percent of India's working population is part of the unorganised sector. These include the publicly traded companies, incorporated or formally registered entities, corporations, factories, shopping malls, hotels, and large businesses. Unorganised sector , also known as own account enterprises , refers to all unlicensed, self-employed or unregistered economic activity such as owner manned general stores, handicrafts and handloom workers, rural traders, farmers, etc.

India has enacted three new codes on employment conditions, social security and occupational health, safety and working conditions. Draft rules corresponding to each of the 4 codes have been released by Ministry of Labour and Employment for public comments. India, one of the most labour-intensive countries of the world, has finally taken a leap of faith and codified 29 of its national-level labour laws into 4 codes. This is a bold and progressive move given that several labour laws were almost years old and enacted largely in the industrial era. The efforts to codify our labour laws had originally started in early and finally have seen the light of the day.

Save extra with 2 Offers. Industrial Relations And Labour Laws - 6th Edn Book Summary: The sixth revised edition of Industrial Relations and Labor Laws captures the significant developments that have taken place in the realm of labor laws and industrial relations in the recent past. The most notable development in the legislative sphere is the amendment in the Industrial Disputes Act, in In the judicial sphere, there has been a marked shift in the approach of the Indian judiciary in the area of discipline and disciplinary procedure. Extensively revised and updated in line with the changes in the law, this edition also gives a new and more holistic dimension to the subject of labor management relations. View Snapshot.

Employment & Labour Law 2020 | India

Labour law , the varied body of law applied to such matters as employment, remuneration, conditions of work, trade unions , and industrial relations. In its most comprehensive sense, the term includes social security and disability insurance as well. Unlike the laws of contract , tort , or property , the elements of labour law are somewhat less homogeneous than the rules governing a particular legal relationship. In addition to the individual contractual relationships growing out of the traditional employment situation, labour law deals with the statutory requirements and collective relationships that are increasingly important in mass-production societies, the legal relationships between organized economic interests and the state, and the various rights and obligations related to some types of social services. Labour law has won recognition as a distinctive branch of the law within the academic legal community , but the extent to which it is recognized as a separate branch of legal practice varies widely depending partly on the extent to which there is a labour code or other distinctive body of labour legislation in the country concerned, partly on the extent to which there are separate labour courts or tribunals, and partly on the extent to which an influential group within the legal profession practice specifically as labour lawyers.

Labour law

India: Employment & Labour Laws and Regulations 2020

Under the Constitution of India, labour falls within the concurrent list giving power to both the Central and the respective State Government to legislate on such items, with the residual law-making powers vesting with the Centre. This has resulted in a plethora of central and state laws related to wages, employment, industrial relations, social security, etc. Labour laws in India are constantly evolving and aim to resolve long-standing issues as well as to adapt to the needs of changing labour markets and business models. For example, where social security legislations only covered the organised sector, various schemes were floated by the appropriate governments to confer benefits to the employees in the unorganised sector as well.

The four labour code bills that were first introduced in Parliament in , and of which three were replaced in September , consolidate 29 central labour laws. Though the government claims that the new laws will reduce complexities, improve ease of compliance, usher in more transparency and accountability, and help both employers and workers, the actual gains to workers remain suspect. This is because the new laws have further eroded even the limited protection currently available to the workers by expanding the space available to employers to unilaterally close down establishments and retrench workers without even making any effort to provide adequate compensation or protection. The trade unions have already made known their displeasure against various aspects, including the failure to universalise social security benefits and the corporatisation of the social security funds.

Indian labour law refers to laws regulating labour in India. Traditionally, Indian government at federal and state level have sought to ensure a high degree of protection for workers, but in practice, this differs due to form of government and because labour is a subject in the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution. Indian labour law is closely connected to the Indian independence movement , and the campaigns of passive resistance leading up to independence. While India was under colonial rule by the British Raj , labour rights, trade unions, and freedom of association were all regulated by the:. Workers who sought better conditions, and trade unions who campaigned through strike action were frequently, and violently suppressed. After independence was won in , the Constitution of India of embedded a series of fundamental labour rights in the constitution, particularly the right to join and take action in a trade union, the principle of equality at work, and the aspiration of creating a living wage with decent working conditions. In the Constitution of India from , articles , 19 1 c , , 38, and A directly concern labour rights.


➢ Industrial Relations committees in more sectors. Page 9. 9. ➢ Labour Law reforms in tune with the times. Empowered body of experts.


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Since the course is vast and it is very important for you to cover each and every topic in a given period of time. Register here to take up practice questions. Productivity in any organisation is the outcome of the joint efforts of two distinct elements namely technological and human resources. The factor of production other than labour can be manipulated easily. However, the human aspect in the organisation is the most difficult to manipulate or manage in a proper perspective. The human elements are the causes and the result of the interaction, social issues, duties, responsibilities, and other activities. The high rate of industrial growth, increased pace of technological development and complex nature of the jobs made the workforce of an organization the source of completive success.

Industrial Relations Code, consolidates and amends the laws relating to Trade Unions , conditions of employment in industrial establishment or undertaking, investigation and settlement of industrial disputes. The code combines and simplifies 3 Central Labour Laws. Industrial Relations Code, introduced more conditions for workers to strike, alongside an increase in the threshold relating to layoffs and retrenchment in industrial establishments having workers from workers to provide more flexibility to employers for hiring and firing workers without government permission. The proposed legislation provides for a broader framework to protect the rights of workers to form unions, to minimise the friction between the employers and workers and to provide provisions for investigation and settlement of industrial disputes. Industrial Relations Code, amends the definition of " strike " to "mass casual leave".

COMMENT 5

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