First world war causes and effects pdf
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The Great War left more than 20 million soldiers dead and 21 million more wounded, which can be attributed to trench warfare and the number of countries involved in the war.
Pinpointing the causes of a vast, global event like the Second World War is a challenging task for the historian. Events—especially enormous, multifaceted events—have multiple causes and multiple inputs. A proximate cause is an incident that appears to directly trigger an event, as the election of Abraham Lincoln in November and the shelling of Fort Sumter led to the outbreak of the Civil War. In the case of the Civil War, for example, historians often point to the growing sectional polarization that divided the nation in the s and s, the national debate over the future of slavery, and the divergent economic paths that distinguished North and South during the antebellum period.
Six Causes of World War I
One of its most important legacies was the reordering of the map of Africa roughly as it is today. The First World War was essentially a quarrel between European powers which involved Africa, both directly and indirectly, because at the outbreak of hostilities the greater part of it was ruled by the European belligerents. Mor e than a million African soldiers were involved in these campaigns or campaigns in Europe. Even more men, as well as wome and children, were recruited, often forcibly, as carriers to support armies whose supplies could not be moved by conventional methods such as road, rail or packanimal. Over soldiers and carriers lost their lives during the war.
World War I
While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree Causes Over the course of the 19th century, rival powers of Europe formed alliances.
David H. A : It changed the world. It led to the Russian Revolution, the collapse of the German Empire and the collapse of the Hapsburg Monarchy, and it led to the restructuring of the political order in Europe and in other parts of the world, particularly in the Middle East. The war also affected consciousness. It shattered the secure, ordered life of Edwardian England, and people said after the war that the same sense of stability would never be there again. The war brought about such bitterness about the nature of war because it went on for so long and had enormous casualties—for example, the French had 1. So when Hitler began to rearm Europe, instead of responding, the British and French wanted to avoid conflict at all costs.
His murder catapulted into a war across Europe that lasted until Thanks to new military technologies and the horrors of trench warfare, World War I saw unprecedented levels of carnage and destruction. By the time the war was over and the Allied Powers claimed victory, more than 16 million people—soldiers and civilians alike—were dead.
Further, the great influenza pandemic of became a global crisis as the disease spread. Then, state institutions, as well as national and international civil society, mobilized and crystallized efforts for the relief and rehabilitation of the sick. This article is a comparative and transnational overview of both the demographic devastation caused by disease, and the ways wartime conditions determined health crises among combatants and civilians. It explores how incidence of disease shaped wartime societies, as well as national and international governance during and after the war.
In the background there were many conflicts between European nations. Nations grouped among themselves to form military alliances as there were tension and suspicion among them. The causes of the First World War were:. Note: Although Italy was a member of the Triple Alliance alongside Germany and Austria-Hungary, it did not join the Central Powers, as Austria-Hungary had taken the offensive, against the terms of the alliance. Alex Andrews George is a mentor, author, and entrepreneur.