Difference between algae and fungi pdf

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difference between algae and fungi pdf

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It is a polyphyletic grouping that includes species from multiple distinct clades. Most are aquatic and autotrophic and lack many of the distinct cell and tissue types, such as stomata , xylem and phloem , which are found in land plants. The largest and most complex marine algae are called seaweeds , while the most complex freshwater forms are the Charophyta , a division of green algae which includes, for example, Spirogyra and stoneworts. No definition of algae is generally accepted. One definition is that algae "have chlorophyll as their primary photosynthetic pigment and lack a sterile covering of cells around their reproductive cells".

Difference Between Algae and Fungi

Plant is a very broad name that encompasses many subfamilies and phyla. According to biology, plants are even recognized as a kingdom specifically Kingdom Plantae, opposite that of Kingdom Animalia in the biologic taxonomical arrangement. This places plants on top of other divisions. Conversely, algae was formerly one of the many sub branches that fall under the plant kingdom. But today, although algae are still technically plants, the classification of algae is so contested that some algae groups were moved into a separate grouping.

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If you love looking at your surroundings, you are probably awed by its wonders which include all living organisms. You may only notice the large, living creatures out there; however, there are also those minute ones. Though we might not notice those tiny, little organisms, they still play an important role in our ecosystem. Among them are algae and protozoa. Algae and protozoa belong to the Protista kingdom. Actually, there are four other kingdoms in which all organisms are grouped into. The other four kingdoms are: Monera, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.

Microorganisms or microbes are microscopic organisms that exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters. Microorganims are widespread in nature and are beneficial to life, but some can cause serious harm. They can be divided into six major types: bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, algae, and viruses. Bacteria are unicellular organisms. The cells are described as prokaryotic because they lack a nucleus. They exist in four major shapes: bacillus rod shape , coccus spherical shape , spirilla spiral shape , and vibrio curved shape. Most bacteria have a peptidoglycan cell wall; they divide by binary fission; and they may possess flagella for motility.

Lichens come in many colors, sizes, and forms and are sometimes plant-like, but lichens are not plants. Lichens may have tiny, leafless branches fruticose , flat leaf-like structures foliose , flakes that lie on the surface like peeling paint crustose , [5] a powder-like appearance leprose , or other growth forms. A macrolichen is a lichen that is either bush-like or leafy; all other lichens are termed microlichens. Lichens occur from sea level to high alpine elevations, in many environmental conditions, and can grow on almost any surface. They grow on rock, walls, gravestones , roofs , exposed soil surfaces, rubber, bones, and in the soil as part of biological soil crusts. Different kinds of lichens have adapted to survive in some of the most extreme environments on Earth: arctic tundra , hot dry deserts , rocky coasts , and toxic slag heaps. They can even live inside solid rock, growing between the grains.


belong to the kingdom Protista whereas.


Bacteria, Virus, Algae, Fungi & Lichens UPSC Notes | EduRev

Microorganisms or microbes are microscopic organisms that exist as unicellular, multicellular, or cell clusters. Microorganims are widespread in nature and are beneficial to life, but some can cause serious harm. They can be divided into six major types: bacteria, archaea, fungi, protozoa, algae, and viruses. Bacteria are unicellular organisms. The cells are described as prokaryotic because they lack a nucleus.

The pro-duction of dark conidia and pigments was recorded in culture media during the cultivation of mela-nized fungi. Fungi sing. Fungus are group of heterotrophic , spore bearing and non vascular organisms without chlorophyll. The Algae, Fungi, Protozoa and Helminthes The world of microorganisms is made of bacteria, fungi, algae, protozoa, and viruses.

December 10, 0 Uncategorized. Other chapters summarize recent developments of microbial-based nanostructures for the management of food-borne pathogens, plant pathogenic fungi, as nutrients, and biomedical applications. Algae and fungi Ans: Algae Fungi a Chlorophyll present. Its unique formula works to firstly kill any bacteria, before gradually cleaning the area leaving no trace.

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Question 1. Solanum trilobatum is the binomial name of Thoothuvalai.

Difference Between Algae and Fungi

Algae , singular alga , members of a group of predominantly aquatic photosynthetic organisms of the kingdom Protista. Algae have many types of life cycles, and they range in size from microscopic Micromonas species to giant kelps that reach 60 metres feet in length. Their photosynthetic pigments are more varied than those of plants , and their cells have features not found among plants and animals. In addition to their ecological roles as oxygen producers and as the food base for almost all aquatic life, algae are economically important as a source of crude oil and as sources of food and a number of pharmaceutical and industrial products for humans. The taxonomy of algae is contentious and subject to rapid change as new molecular information is discovered.

What is Bacteria? Bacteria are microscopic , single-celled entities that flourish in diverse environments. Some thrive in the soil; others live deep inside a human gut.

Bacteria and Fungi come under different categories; the former one is the prokaryotic cell while the latter one is Eukaryotic cells. Apart from this, there are many differences between them like bacteria need a host to live, and they can be autotrophs as well as heterotrophs , whereas fungi grow their own and are heterotrophs which depend on others for their food. Bacteria do not have nuclear membrane enclosing nucleus, while Fungi eukaryotes have well- defined nucleus surrounded by the nuclear membrane. Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes are the two major umbrellas of classifications under which all the organisms are kept. Prokaryotes are the most primitive type of microorganisms, which are single-celled and lack many organelles, while Eukaryotes evolved from prokaryotes only but they are multicellular and contains all organelles with the specific function. Bacteria and Fungi shares some similarities also like, like they both reproduce and are living, they both can be parasitic and are microscopic too. Below we will discuss the general differences between both the microorganisms, with their different features.


Algae possess chlorophyll for photosynthesis. · Fungi do not possess any photosynthetic pigment. · Algae are autotrophs.


algae and fungi pdf

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