Common names of chemical compounds and their uses pdf

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common names of chemical compounds and their uses pdf

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A chemical nomenclature is a set of rules to generated systematic names for chemical compounds. A third publication, known as the Green Book , [4] describes the recommendations for the use of symbols for physical quantities in association with the IUPAP , while a fourth, the Gold Book , [5] contains the definitions of many technical terms used in chemistry. These "color books" are supplemented by shorter recommendations for specific circumstances that are published periodically in the journal Pure and Applied Chemistry. The primary function of chemical nomenclature is to ensure that a spoken or written chemical name leaves no ambiguity concerning which chemical compound the name refers to: each chemical name should refer to a single substance.

List of Chemical Formulas and their Common Names – GK Notes for SSC

In this list Compound name, Chemical formula of the compound and its uses are given. Uses: Non-prescription drug for relief from acid indigestion and heartburn. Also considered a calcium supplement.. Uses: Used to season food during food preparation and at the table , also used in the past as a method of food preservation. Uses: natural gas, fuel also called Marsh Gas.

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. Nature Chemical Biology is committed to enhancing interdisciplinary communication and features online content to increase the accessibility of chemical information for our readers. In many fields, precise terminology is adequate to describe specific concepts or entities; however, in chemistry, elaborate chemical nomenclature often is not an efficient way to communicate about complex molecules. As a result, chemists have developed shorthand notations to represent molecular information, such as two-dimensional skeletal line drawings for chemical structures and specific arrow notations to illustrate chemical reactivity.

The common names and formulas of chemical compounds is a very relevant area of study for every competitive exam including SSC and it is important for the aspirants to develop a fair idea on this subject. In this article, we are discussing the following topics. A chemical compound is a chemical substance composed of many identical molecules composed of atoms from more than one element held together by chemical bonds. There will be a fixed ratio for a chemical compound determining the composition of it. For example, water H2O is a compound consisting of two hydrogen atoms bonded to an oxygen atom. The ratio of each element is usually expressed by a chemical formula.

A new look for chemical information

In traditional medicine, there has been a great deal of research on the effects exhibited by medicinal materials. To study the effects, resources that can systematically describe the chemical compounds in medicinal materials are necessary. In recent years, numerous databases on medicinal materials and constituent compounds have been constructed. However, because these databases provide differing information and the sources of such information are unclear or difficult to verify, it is difficult to decide which database to use. Moreover, there is much overlapping information. The aim of this study was to construct a database of medicinal materials and chemical compounds in Northeast Asian traditional medicine TM-MC , for which medicinal materials are listed in the Korean, Chinese, and Japanese pharmacopoeias and information on the compound names of medicinal materials can easily be confirmed online.

If you keep an eye on the latest trend followed by SSC for General Awareness questions , you would notice that Science facts are covering major portions of it. To help you quickly take a look at List of Chemical Formulas and their Common Names , we are providing you in this article. To help you attempt the chemistry questions without any glitches, we are sharing with you a detailed list of Chemical Formulas and their Common Names. Chemical formulas are expressions which state the number and types of atoms present in a molecule of a substance. Before moving ahead have a look at the Chemical compounds.

Common Chemical Compounds – Names and Formulas. Free GK E-book. Current Affairs and General Awareness section is one of the most important and high.

Chemical nomenclature

The atoms in all substances that contain multiple atoms are held together by electrostatic interactions—interactions between electrically charged particles such as protons and electrons. Electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged species positive and negative results in a force that causes them to move toward each other, like the attraction between opposite poles of two magnets. In contrast, electrostatic repulsion between two species with the same charge either both positive or both negative results in a force that causes them to repel each other, as do the same poles of two magnets. Atoms form chemical compounds when the attractive electrostatic interactions between them are stronger than the repulsive interactions.

Ether , any of a class of organic compounds characterized by an oxygen atom bonded to two alkyl or aryl groups. Ethers are similar in structure to alcohols , and both ethers and alcohols are similar in structure to water. In an alcohol one hydrogen atom of a water molecule is replaced by an alkyl group, whereas in an ether both hydrogen atoms are replaced by alkyl or aryl groups. At room temperature, ethers are pleasant-smelling colourless liquids.

Sodium Na , chemical element of the alkali metal group Group 1 [Ia] of the periodic table. Sodium is a very soft silvery-white metal. Sodium is the most common alkali metal and the sixth most abundant element on Earth, comprising 2. It occurs abundantly in nature in compounds , especially common salt —sodium chloride NaCl —which forms the mineral halite and constitutes about 80 percent of the dissolved constituents of seawater.

Chemical Formula & Uses of Some Important Compounds

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