Social theory and education research pdf

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social theory and education research pdf

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After reading this chapter, you will be able to. This chapter introduces several theories concerning the sociology of education. Because this text explores education from a sociological perspective, it is essential that we consider how theory contributes to our understanding of education as a part of society. It is like seeing the world through a specific set of glasses see Figure 2.

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Functionalists believe that education equips people to perform different functional roles in society. Conflict theorists view education as a means of widening the gap in social inequality. Feminist theorists point to evidence that sexism in education continues to prevent women from achieving a full measure of social equality. Symbolic interactionists study the dynamics of the classroom, the interactions between students and teachers, and how those affect everyday life. In this section, you will learn about each of these perspectives.

School is one of the first institutions that an individual encounters in the socialization process. The individual is socialized in this smaller society and prepared to move into adulthood and society at large. This seminal research work is built on three fundamental tenets of sociology: the school is a central institution in society; the school is a social system; and social events depend on the interaction of macro- and micro-level processes. The Handbook is divided into the following sections:. The Handbook of the Sociology of Education provides a comprehensive overview of the field of education from a sociological perspective. Experts in this area present theoretical and empirical research on major educational issues and analyze the social processes that govern schooling, as well as the role of schools in and their impact on contemporary society. The book is a major reference work for social scientists, graduate students, and educators who want an overview of the field.

Volume 40 (2020) Precarity

Series Editor s : Mark Murphy. The Bloomsbury Social Theory and Methodology in Education Research series brings together books exploring various applications of social theory in educational research design. Each book provides a detailed account of how theory and method influence each other in specific educational research settings, such as schools, early childhood education, community education, further education colleges and universities. Books in the series represent the richness of topics explored in theory-driven education research, including leadership and governance, equity, teacher education, assessment, curriculum and policy studies. This innovative series provides a timely platform for highlighting the wealth of international work carried out in the field of social theory and education research, a field that has grown considerably in recent years and has made the likes of Pierre Bourdieu and Michel Foucault familiar names in educational discourse. Academic Series Series Editor s : Mark Murphy The Bloomsbury Social Theory and Methodology in Education Research series brings together books exploring various applications of social theory in educational research design. Sort by New titles Available to pre-order.

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School is one of the first institutions that an individual encounters in the socialization process. The individual is socialized in this smaller society and prepared to move into adulthood and society at large. This seminal research work is built on three fundamental tenets of sociology: the school is a central institution in society; the school is a social system; and social events depend on the interaction of macro- and micro-level processes. The Handbook is divided into the following sections:. The Handbook of the Sociology of Education provides a comprehensive overview of the field of education from a sociological perspective. Experts in this area present theoretical and empirical research on major educational issues and analyze the social processes that govern schooling, as well as the role of schools in and their impact on contemporary society. The book is a major reference work for social scientists, graduate students, and educators who want an overview of the field.

Social Science Theories on Teachers, Teaching, and Educational Systems

The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is mostly concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher , further , adult , and continuing education. Education is seen as a fundamentally optimistic human endeavour characterised by aspirations for progress and betterment. Social interactions between people through education is always causing further development no matter what age they are. It is also perceived as one of the best means of achieving greater social equality.

Alex Law. Relational approaches to social theory and the crisis of education.

Murphy, M. (ed.) (2013) Social Theory and Education Research. Routledge: Oxon

These are but a few examples of the plethora of books that analyze the crisis in education and classrooms and propose measures to fix problems in our education systems across the years. Each new era — political administration, economic trend, global crisis — brings new suggestions for changes in education processes. To understand how education systems work — or don't work — social scientists develop theories providing logical explanations to better understand educational systems. These theories inform research on education and provide valuable insights into classroom interactions and methods of teaching students.

Functionalists point to other latent roles of education such as transmission of core values and social control. The core values in American education reflect those characteristics that support the political and economic systems that originally fueled education. Therefore, children in America receive rewards for following schedules, following directions, meeting deadlines, and obeying authority. The most important value permeating the American classroom is individualism —the ideology that advocates the liberty rights , or independent action, of the individual. American students learn early, unlike their Japanese or Chinese counterparts, that society seeks out and reveres the best individual, whether that person achieves the best score on a test or the most points on the basketball court.

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